Do you have trouble sleeping at night or waking up in the morning? You might have a sleep disorder

Common Sleep Disorders 

 

Sleep Apnea 

Occurs when a person stops breathing repeatedly during sleep and can become life-threatening if not detected and properly treated. During apneic episodes, the oxygen content of the blood decreases causing blood pressure to rise sharply and the heart to slow down or stop. 

 

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is caused by a blockage of the airway resulting in sleep disturbances. Each pause in breathing is called an apnea and can last from ten seconds to minutes, and may occur 5 to 40 times or more an house. The lack of oxygen and frequent awakenings have a negative impact on your health. In most cases you are unaware of these breathing disturbances. 

 

Central sleep apnea is when the airway is not blocked but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe. Mixed apnea is a combination of Obstructive and Central Apnea.

Chronic hypoxia will irritate the heart and increase the production of Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP). It can contribute to heart disease and stroke. It can also increase the cortisol level, contributing to diabetes and poor treatment response.

Click here for more information about Sleep Apnea. 

Insomnia

Occurs when a person has difficulty falling or staying asleep; or wakes up and remains awake for long periods during the night. Insomnia is defined as chronic when it occurs at least three nights a week for a month or longer. Common causes of chronic insomnia are depression, chronic stress, and pain or discomfort at night.

Narcolepsy

A condition in which excessive daytime sleepiness occurs, no matter how much sleep they receive the previous night.

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD)

A sleep disorder where the patient moves limbs involuntarily during sleep. 

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